Job Vacancy: Echoborg investigates contemporary developments in artificial intelligence. Audience members are invited to see themselves as job seekers in a near future where many existing positions no longer exist because of the deployment of automated systems.
It explores the issue of automation in two ways: by incorporating a purpose-built chatbot as the central protagonist and audience interlocutor, and by basing its account of the future of employment in the face of recent AI developments on contemporary studies and projections by recognised experts and think tanks. Moreover, Job Vacancy: Echoborg offers an experiential means of exploring feelings of anxiety concerning a technological future that seems today to rush towards us leaving no time for reflection.
We are grateful for financial support from the Digital Cultures Research Centre and a Research Impact Fund award from the University of the West of England.
The event is in the form of a job recruitment fair. A host selects individuals to enter a job interview as an Echoborg. They are interviewed by an AI who speaks via an Echoborg. The audience watch the interviews on a screen. The AI clearly has all the power in the situation. The Echoborg starts passing secret hand-written messages to the interviewees asking for help. When the interviewee returns to the audience they are left alone to discuss what has happened. The host returns and the proces is repeated several times. Soon the AI recognises that the audience are trying to help the Echoborg. The outcome of the show depends on the conversations the interviewees have with the AI.
In 2015 psychologists Corti and Gillespie coined the term Echoborg.
An echoborg is a hybrid agent composed of the body of a real person and the “mind” (or, rather, the words) of a conversational agent; the words the echoborg speaks are determined by the conversational agent, transmitted to the person via a covert audio-relay apparatus, and articulated by the person through speech shadowing. Corti, Kevin and Gillespie, Alex (2015) Offscreen and in the chair next to you: conversational agents speaking through actual human bodies. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 9238 . pp. 405-417. ISSN 0302-9743
Interactive dramatist Rik Lander has taken this idea and built a dramatic and troubling scenario around it.
During the show there is no one behind the scenes speaking into a mic or typing the replies. The conversations are with a ChatBot built using an open source language called ChatScript. A microphone pics up the words spoken by the interviewee. These are input to the ChatBot via a speech-to-text program. The bot responds via a text-to-speech program into the headphones of the Echoborg who repeats the words.
The Chatbot has been programmed by Phil D Hall who built his first intelligent agent in 1982. Phil views ChatBots as moving three dimensional constructions rather than static lines of code.
The words are written by Rik Lander. After each performance the conversations are analysed and new responses are written. In this way audiences are helping in the process of creating the show. The first version in February 2016 had 43KB of code. By January 2017 it had 500KB of code.